8. Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the impact of the war? The principle was established that the American union is perpetual. The loss of life nearly equaled the combined battle deaths of all of America’s other wars. The nation’s political balance of power shifted dramatically. The richest section of the country (in terms of white per capita wealth) became even richer.
9. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation declared slaves to be free in those areas of the South under Union control. in those areas of the South under Confederate control. everywhere in the U.S. (including the South). in the border states and western territories.
11. The chapter introduction tells the story of the first battle of Manassas (Bull Run) to make the point that the Confederate army was unprepared to fight. the Union army was unprepared to fight. both sides underestimated what it would be like to fight a total war. although the North had the advantage of initiative, the fighting would often turn out to be a series of Confederate victories against all odds.
12. The Republican Congress during the Civil War passed economic legislation that would have warmed Henry Clay’s heart, including all EXCEPT the restriction of money to hard currency (“specie”). a system of nationally-chartered banks. a program to underwrite the costs of public colleges. a protective tariff.
Although at the outset European experts expected the Confederacy to prevail, the North won, demonstrating that in modern war, ________ can offset ________
13. During the war, women of both the North and the South did all of the following EXCEPT enter the formerly male professions of nursing and teaching. run railroads. run farms and plantations. take jobs in the growing government bureaucracies.
14. According to the text, what was the event that decided the “war in the balance”?that is, the event that both ended any last hopes of the Confederacy and assured the abolition of slavery? the elevation of Grant to Commander in Chief the victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg the Emancipation Proclamation the re-election of Lincoln
Both South and North experienced rioting during the war
15. One significant difference between the Confederacy and the North was that fighting for a cause, the South sustained a strong sense of morality and discipline, while the perils and profits of war undermined the moral order of northern society. the South became poorer, while the North tended to prosper. the South had to resort to a draft, while the North was able to raise its army from volunteers. southerners initially romanticized the war, expecting a swift end, but northerners more realistically expected a long and ugly struggle.
16. The battle at Antietam Creek was significant for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that it was the bloodiest single-day battle in the history of American warfare. that it repulsed a Confederate invasion of the North. that it provided an occasion for Lincoln to announce the Emancipation Proclamation. that it proved McClellan could mastermind a victory after all.
17. Why? on both sides, over military regulations like the draft and economic controls in the South over easing slave codes; in the North over jailing dissidents on both sides, over centralization of political power in the South over food; in the North over the draft
18. technology; terrain and distance strategic planning; idealistic determination sheer numerical superiority; the advantages of superior leadership industrial power; agricultural power
19. What was Jefferson Davis’s central problem in organizing the South for war? In a war that required rapid mobilization of a whole society, most ordinary folk in the South expected a protracted conflict and hence were reluctant to enlist. In a crisis that demanded tough-minded attention to military details, Davis was more of a grand strategist. In a culture that prized the English country gentry, Davis was rough-hewn and awkward. In a society that prized states‘ rights, Davis had to centralize authority.